I samarbeid med Nordic Approach
Lot #: PE-2019-034
Jhonny is a young guy that has quickly worked his way up in the community through hard work. He’s been producing quality coffee for some years now and are constantly investing and developing his farm. The farm Al Aserio has about 5 hectares planted with coffee, and is located at 1800 masl in San Ignazio north in Peru. He is separating his production by variety. This coffee is a Yellow Bourbon single variety. The farm has a small beneficio where he pulps and ferments the coffee. The coffee is dry fermented before washed and rinsed, and then dried. Under normal conditions the drying takes about 18-20 days.
|Variety: Yellow Bourbon
|Processing: Fully washed
|Crop year: 2019
|Variety: Cupping score: 88
|Citrus | Delicate | Floral | Jasmine | Mango | Stone Fruit | Sweet
|PSS cupped November 26th 2019:
|Mango, stone fruit, florals, jasmine and citrus. Great complexity and elegant crispy finish.
Geisha like – very light, floral, cohesive, structured. An incredible coffee!
Origin: Jhonny Joel Saavedra Abad
Jhonny Joel Saavedra Abad and his wife Cleotilde Guerara Armijos are young farmers (in their 30s), with three children. He took over the farm, El Aserio, in 2009, and is a 6th generation coffee farmer. It is situated close to the village El Huabo in San Ignazio, North in Peru.
He has 5 hectares planted with coffee, and the farm is relatively big being in Peru. They grow caturra, pache, catimor and bourbon varieties. And he is also experimenting with new varieties such as Geisha. They also grow plantains, cassava, corn and beans. About 50% of the family’s income comes from coffee. They employ 50 pickers at the most who are on average paid 30 soles per day.
- Fermentation: Dry
- Hours of fermentation: 18
- Notes on drying: 7 hours full sun per day, covered at night, dried for 18-20 days
This coffee is part of a sourcing program through an organization called Origin Coffee Lab. The coffees are either micro lots or communal producer blends from the areas in the north around Jaen and San Ignacio. The farms are normally between 1-3 hectares and are family runned. They harvest, pulp, ferment and dry the coffees at the farms. If the producers are part of a premium program, like ours, they will more likely invest in their production and sit on enough parchment to create potential micro lots.
So far most of our coffees are coming from small caserios (villages) in La Coipa, Colossay, San Ignacio and a few other places. These are all places that we have identified with great potential through selective cupping. We also know that our exporting partner is investing in the producer relations there with support on quality protocols, trace ability programs and premiums.
The concept for us is the same across the communities where we source. We select micro lots of the coffees that are high performing at lot sizes between 10 – 20 bags. And we try to buy producer blends from the same areas as much as we can. The program is based on good premiums paid to the producers across all our coffees. To invest in the communities is crucial to get a consistent supply and to give the farmers incentives to invest.
At the farms
A typical farmer within this programs will have 2 hectares, planted with coffee. They are mainly organic, and many are certified. The varieties will often be mixed, but they mainly have local Bourbons, Caturra, Catuai, some typica.
The farmers help each other in the harvesting season. They have something called “Mingas” that means today for you, tomorrow for me.
After harvesting they will pulp and ferment the coffees in their micro mills at the farms. It’s normally a small pulper and a wooden or concrete fermentation tank. Some do dry fermentation and others do wet fermentation.
The equipment can be extremely simple, but coffees can still be amazing. Some have their own parabolic dryers, others dry on plastic outside their farms, or use a drying facility at their neighbor or relatives place. It sounds rough, but truth is that we have seen amazing coffees, well dried on plastic just outside their front door.
- Average farm size: Less than 2 hectares
- Harvesting season: May – October
- Process: Almost only washed processed at the farms in tiny micro mills
- Fermentation: Mainly dry fermentetd in small wood or concrete tanks. Some are doing wet fermentation.
- Drying: On plastic on the ground, rooftops, parabolic dryers etc. A few are using tables/african beds.
- Altitudes: Mainly 1600 – 2000 masl
- Varieties: Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Catuai, Pache, Costa Rica, Catimor. Recently good amounts of Geisha planted
- They measure picking in “Lata” (buckets) 1 lata is 13,5 kg cherry
- 20 lata is 1 quintal of greens (46 kg) but is counted in parchment quintal. In this case they count 55 kg of parchment
- They measure in hectares, but do also use the name cuadra or manzanas.
- Normal yield on average farms is about 15-18 Quintales greens pr hectares. The really well managed farms can easily double the volumes pr hectare.
|Coffee growing area